Agreement Mexico: A Comprehensive Guide to Understanding Mexico’s International Agreements

Mexico is a country that has always valued its international relations and has worked hard to establish strong ties with other nations. As such, it is not surprising that Mexico has entered into several international agreements over the years. These agreements cover a wide range of areas, from trade and investment to environmental protection and human rights. In this article, we will provide a comprehensive guide to understanding Mexico’s international agreements and their implications.

What is an international agreement?

An international agreement is a legally binding agreement between two or more countries. These agreements are often referred to as treaties, conventions, or protocols, and they cover many different areas of cooperation between countries. International agreements can be bilateral (between two countries) or multilateral (between three or more countries).

Mexico’s International Agreements

Mexico has entered into many international agreements over the years, covering a broad range of areas, including trade, investment, environmental protection, human rights, and more. Some of the most significant agreements for Mexico are discussed below.

The North American Free Trade Agreement (NAFTA)

NAFTA is a trilateral agreement between Mexico, the United States, and Canada that went into effect in 1994. This agreement was designed to eliminate trade barriers and increase economic integration between the three North American countries. Under NAFTA, Mexico has seen a boom in its exports to the United States and Canada, particularly in the automotive, electronics, and agriculture industries. However, the agreement has also been criticized for contributing to job losses in some sectors and for its impact on the environment.

The Trans-Pacific Partnership (TPP)

The TPP was a multilateral agreement that was negotiated between 12 countries, including Mexico, the United States, and Japan. The agreement aimed to promote economic integration among Pacific Rim countries and to establish high standards for trade and investment. However, in 2017, the United States withdrew from the agreement, leaving the remaining countries to renegotiate the terms. The resulting agreement, known as the Comprehensive and Progressive Agreement for Trans-Pacific Partnership (CPTPP), still includes Mexico and is due to come into effect in 2021.

The Paris Agreement

The Paris Agreement is a multilateral agreement that was adopted in 2015 by 196 countries, including Mexico. The agreement aims to reduce greenhouse gas emissions and limit global warming to well below 2 degrees Celsius above pre-industrial levels. Mexico has committed to reducing its emissions by 22% by 2030 and to increasing its use of renewable energy sources. Mexico has also established a cap-and-trade system to incentivize businesses to reduce their emissions.

The Universal Declaration of Human Rights

The Universal Declaration of Human Rights is a landmark international agreement that was adopted by the United Nations General Assembly in 1948. The declaration establishes a set of fundamental human rights that are universal and inalienable. Mexico was one of the original signatories, and it has since ratified several other human rights treaties, including the International Covenant on Civil and Political Rights and the Convention on the Rights of the Child.


Mexico’s international agreements cover a wide range of areas and have significant implications for the country’s economic, social, and environmental policies. While some agreements, such as NAFTA, have been controversial, they have also brought significant benefits to Mexico’s economy. Other agreements, such as the Paris Agreement and the Universal Declaration of Human Rights, reflect Mexico’s commitment to promoting global cooperation and protecting human rights. Overall, Mexico’s international agreements are an essential part of the country’s foreign policy and contribute to its status as a respected international player.

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